Multiplication and Division Worksheet and Explanation
We’ve structured this information to help children with their education. It is targeted at children in years 5 and 6 and the questions for the worksheet have been stripped from past papers. Having an understanding of multiplication and division is part of the primary school curriculum and children will deal with multiplication and division in both KS1 and KS2.
The Information below will give an overview of the topic and we have included a detailed worksheet with full answers. The worksheet includes 31 multiplication and division and is relevant for KS2 pupils approaching their SATS test.
If you are not ready to download the worksheets yet, then read on for some information about multiplication and division. This has provided to introduce the topics covered in the worksheet for those that might be unfamiliar but also as a quick revision tool for those that would like a quick refresher before accessing the worksheet.
Multiplication and Division Explained
Multiplication and Division
Multiplication and division are two of the most important operators used in mathematics. Luckily these operators build on addition and subtraction which children will have already been introduced to. These operators are used often throughout the primary curriculum so it is important that children fully understand the process, the different methods and their terminology.
What is Multiplication?
Multiplication is the process of repeated addition, so adding to a starting amount several times and calculating the final value of the amount. It is commonly taught using arrays or jumps on a number line.
What is Division?
Division is the opposite of multiplication and is the process of breaking up a starting amount into equal portions split between several groups with the possibility of remainders if the groups are not equal. An example of division is splitting 20 chocolate buttons between 4 people meaning each person would receive 5 buttons each, this can also be written as 20 ÷ 4 = 5.
Times tables are a common method of helping children remember the answers to multiplication questions and it is expected that by the end of KS2 children are confident with their tables up to 12×12. At the beginning of KS1 children learn how to multiply using 2s, 5s and 10s and learn the patterns using multiplication of these numbers.
Methods of Multiplication and Division
There are various ways of tackling multiplication and division. One of the most common approaches for multiplication is splitting up the multiplication into smaller, easier to manage chunks and adding together the results from these chunks to get to a final answer. This approach helps children to break down complicated, unfamiliar numbers into ones they are much more familiar with.
Similarly, with division, there are two main approaches. Firstly, is long division with is very alike to the multiplication method described in the paragraph above with the difference being you are taking the chunks away from your starting amount. Another method is the bus stop method that builds on the long division approach and requires a good understanding of times tables.